Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) is an evidence-based approach to violence prevention. Reclaiming abandoned spaces, erecting lighting and signage, installing fences and landscaping all work as crime deterrents. CPTED programs work well as part of a multi-faceted strategy for investing in under-resourced communities.
Firearm violence disproportionately affects communities of color that have long struggled with race-based systemic underinvestment and discrimination. Community violence intervention programs - CVIs - seek to apply a process-based strategy to interrupting violence. They train and employ credible messengers who have experienced this violence themselves to intervene with at-risk individuals before the threat is realized.